Pain management with electrical current is well known in medicine. Non-invasive low-frequency electro-stimulators TENS (which stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) are routinely used in many medical practices and home care for temporary pain relief.
The popularity of TENS is well deserved because it is a non-invasive and drug-free method of battling pain in a very natural way – with electrical impulses, “the language” of the nervous system itself. TENS signals “overpower” the pain signals, suppress them – and pain disappears, only to return after the TENS application ends or after the body develops tolerance to the repetitive TENS stimulation.
Dr. Alexander Karasev’s journey into the world of SKENAR, COSMODIC, and ENS began with TENS. A decade before he founded LET Medical Research Laboratory of Medical Electronics in Taganrog, Russia, he has developed three models of TENS: TENS-01, TENS-02, and TENS-02M. The shortcomings of the technology, however, did not allow him to reach the goals of his research for the Space Program – and that led to the invention of SKENAR.